返回 【科学60秒】 偏见毁人不诲人

提示:想查看SomeMosquito的听写内容吗?不妨自己先亲手练习一下,做完后再来比试高低吧。

请在登录后才能看到内容!

请在登录后才能看到内容!

本文暂未收录注解!

The ways teachers view their students can influence how teachers teach. Which affects how and what students learn. Now a study finds that a teacher's racial biases come into play in different ways for high-achieving kids versus low-performing ones.

老师对学生的看法会影响他们的教学方法,继而会影响学生的学习方法和内容。现在,一项研究发现,老师的种族偏见会影响他们对优等生和差等生的看法。

But there are actually students that are experiencing different perceptions - and that those different perceptions play into very specific stereotypes and ideas about capabilities.

的确有学生遭受到老师不同的看法,而不同的看法会导致老师用不同的模式去评定学生的能力。

Sociologist Yasmiyn Irizarry of the University of Texas at Austin. She published her findings in the journal Social Science Research.

德州大学奥斯丁分校的社会学家Yasmiyn Irizarry将她的研究成果发表在《社会科学研究》杂志上。

Irizarry used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study collected by the National Center for Education Statistics. She compared the test scores of more than 10,000 first graders to how teachers ranked their students in comparison to all other first graders.

Irizarry使用全美教育统计中心搜集的《早期童年纵向研究》数据。她将一万多名一年级学生的学习成绩跟老师对他们的排名情况做对比,并且跟其他的一年级学生相对比。

Teachers made accurate ratings of average students, regardless of race. But when considering students of color, teachers rated low-performing Black, Asian and Latino students more positively than they did their low-performing white students. And teachers ranked high-performing minority students lower than white students at the same level. Interestingly, the race of the teacher was not a factor in the skewed evaluations based on the race of the students.

老师对中等生做出了客观的评价,不论种族如何。但当考虑到学生的肤色时,老师对差等的黑人学生、亚洲学生和拉丁美洲学生的评价,要比差等的白人学生更高。并且,老师对优等的少数人群学生的评价,要比处在同等水平的白人学生更低。有趣的是,老师的种族并不是导致这种因学生种族而扭曲评价的一个因素。

On both ends of the spectrum, the teachers' predispositions could have detrimental effects on students, either by insufficiently challenging gifted kids or not fully recognizing the needs of struggling young students.

在这两种极端情况下,老师的偏见都可能对学生产生不良的影响,不是给有才华的学生的挑战不够,就是无法认识到有困难的学生的需求。

提示:每次提交会覆盖之前的内容哦~